2020 Magha Purnima
What is Magha Purnima?
As the name suggests, Magha Purnima is celebrated on the eve of full moon day in the Hindu month of Magha. According to the Gregorian calendar, the day falls either in the month of February or January.
About Magha Purnima
The devotees worship Moon God on this particular day. The month of Magha is the most auspicious, fortunate and significant month according to the Hindu scriptures for performing donations and other daan-punya activities. On the eve of Magha Purnima, devotees observe a fast, perform a holy bath and worship and offer prayers to Lord Vishnu.
Other Names for Magha Purnima
Magha Purnima is celebrated across the country in various other popular names such as ‘Maha Maghi’ and ‘Maghi Purnima’.
What is The Importance of Magha Purnima?
It is believed that, on the eve of Magha Purnima, performing a bath in the holy river is considered as highly auspicious. By doing charities and making donations on this day, one gets relieved from all his present and past sins. Deity Vishnu and Lord Hanuman are worshipped on the day of Magha Purnima. It is believed that all the desires of the devotees who offer prayers to these deities on this day are fulfilled.
What is The Significance of Magha Purnima?
As per Hindu mythology, Magha Purnima is a sacred day for performing various spiritual and religious acts and rituals. At this time period, popular ‘Magha Mela’ and ‘Kumbh Mela’ are also organized where hundreds of thousands of devotees mark their presence from across the nation. In the regions of Tamil Nadu, on the day of Magha Purnima, float festival is organized.
What Are The Rituals Of Magha Purnima?
- The first and the most significant ritual to be performed on the day of Magha Purnima is to wake up early and observe holy bath in a sacred river during sunrise.
- After observing the holy dip, the devotees are required to worship and offer prayers to Lord Vishnu and Lord Hanuman along with worshipping their Ishta Devta.
- Devotees worship Lord Vishnu and keep a ‘Satyanarayana’ fast. They are required to recite the ‘Satyanarayana Katha’ and make sacred food which is offered to the deity. Satyanarayana Puja is also performed where fruits, supari, banana leaves, moli, til, incense sticks and sandalwood paste is offered to Lord Vishnu and special arrangements are done in various temples.
- The religious practice of offering ‘Arghya’ to Moon God is performed as a part of the ritual in the evening.
- Reading sessions for Bhagwad Gita and Ramayana is considered a significant ritual to perform on this day.
- People also perform several donations and charity work on this particular day of Magha Purnima where food, clothes, money and other essential things are provided to the needy people as a significant part of ‘Anna Daan’. Til is one of the most auspicious things to donate in the Magha month.
What is the Magha Purnima Vrat Vidhi?
- On this day, people take an early morning holy bath on the banks of sacred rivers
- After this, they observe a Magha Purnima Vrat by abstaining themselves from eating food and drinking water.
- Then they perform Vishnu Puja either in temples or at their homes.
- Once the Vishnu Puja is completed, devotees recite Satyanarayan Katha.
- They chant ‘Gayatri Mantra’ or the ‘Om Namo Narayana’ mantra for 108 times in a row.
- The individuals then offer food and clothes to the needy.
Poornima fasting throughout the year
According to the Hindu calendar which starts from Chaitra month (March-April), the full moon that falls throughout the year is as follows: -
|S.N.||Hindu Month||Purnima Vrat Name||Purnima Other Names or Same Day Festivals|
|1||Chaitra||Chaitra Purnima||Hanuman Jayanti|
|2||Vaishakha||Vaishakha Purnima||Buddha Purnima, Kurma Jayanti|
|3||Jyeshtha||Jyeshtha Purnima||Vat Purnima Vrat|
|4||Ashadha||Ashadha Purnima||Guru Purnima, Vyasa Puja|
|5||Shravana||Shravana Purnima||Raksha Bandhan, Gayatri Jayanti|
|6||Bhadrapada||Bhadrapada Purnima||Purnima Shraddha, Pitrupaksha Begin|
|7||Ashwin||Ashwin Purnima||Sharad Purnima, Kojagara Puja|
|8||Kartika||Kartika Purnima||Dev Diwali|
|9||Margashirsha||Margashirsha Purnima||Dattatreya Jayanti|
|10||Paush||Paush Purnima||Shakambhari Purnima|
|11||Magha||Magha Purnima||Guru Ravidas Jayanti|
|12||Phalguna||Phalguna Purnima||Holika Dahan, Vasanta Purnima|