Deepawali is certainly the largest Hindu festival observed in India. Deepavali can be configured as ‘Deep which means light’ and ‘avali which means a row’, i.e, a row of lights. A festival of Deepavali is marked by the four days of celebrations which illumine the land with its brilliance and dazzles everyone with its joy.
Diwali or popularly known as Deepavali is one of the most significant festival in India. Diwali is an Indian festival of light, pyrotechnic display, prayers and celebratory events all across the globe.
Deepavali is celebrated among every Indian household. Diwali celebrations are taken out for a week, followed by different celebrations on each day.
The four day Diwali celebration is marked by different traditions but celebration of life, its enthusiasm, enjoyment and goodness remains constant. Diwali is celebrated for its spiritual significance which signifies the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, knowledge over ignorance and hope over despair.
Lakshmi Puja Muhurta = 18:41 to 20:25
Duration = 1 Hour 44 Mins
Pradosh Kaal = 17:57 to 20:25
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:41 to 20:44
Deepavali Day 1
November 2021, Monday
Deepavali Day 2
November 2021, Tuesday
Deepavali Day 3
November 2021, Wednesday
Deepavali Day 4
November 2021, Thursday
Deepavali Day 5
November 2021, Friday
Deepawali is certainly the largest Hindu festival observed in India. Deepavali is a combination of two words ‘Deep’ which means light and ‘avali’ which means a row, i.e, a row of lights. A festival of Deepavali is marked by the five days of celebrations which fills the air with exuberance, festivity, brilliance, joy, abundance and happiness.
The main festival of Diwali is celebrated on the darkest night of the year in the Hindu month of Kartik. This festival falls on Kartik Amavasya, i.e. on the new moon night in the month of Kartik.
Although, all the stories and history points towards the same classic truth of the victory of the right over wrong, but every story is associated with a unique essence and message of its own.
The beginning of Diwali can be traced back to the ancient India. The history of Diwali is associated with many legends which are narrated in the Hindu religious scriptures, commonly the Puranas.
Diwali is considered to be the festival of lights. It is revered as the day to light the lamp of power, knowledge and virtues within us. Each of the five days of this vibrant festival teaches us something and has a significant purpose.
It is widely believed that Diwali is the day when the Hindu Goddess of prosperity, Maa Lakshmi travels to the Earth and bless the people with happiness and wealth. This is the prime reason why new clothes, colorful decorations and beautiful display of lights is done to welcome her on this auspicious occasion.
There are multiple reasons which are observed and believed for the origin of Diwali. The most well-known reason behind celebrating Diwali is mentioned in the great Hindu epic, Ramayana.
As per the Ramayana, the prince of Ayodhya, Rama was ordained to go away from his country for fourteen years and to live in the forests by his father, King Dasaratha. So, Rama went into exile with his wife and faithful brother, ‘Sita’ and ‘Laxman’ for 14 years.
When the demon king Ravana abducted Sita, Rama fought against him and killed Ravana. It is said that Rama rescued Sita and returned to Ayodhya after fourteen years.
People of Ayodhya were extremely delighted to welcome Rama, Sita and Lakshmana back to their kingdom. To celebrate Rama’s return to Ayodhya, houses were lit up with diyas (small earthen lamps), crackers, fireworks and the entire city of Ayodhya was decorated splendidly.
It is believed that this day marks the beginning of Diwali tradition. Every year, the homecoming of Lord Rama is celebrated on Diwali with lights, crackers, fireworks and high spirits.
A well-known story related to the festival of Diwali is narrated in the Hindu Epic, the Mahabharata. This Hindu Epic reveals to us that how the five royal brothers, the Pandavas faced a defeat against their brothers, the Kauravas in a game of gambling.
As per the rules, the Pandavas was asked to serve 13 years in exile. After completing thirteen years in exile, they turned back to their birthplace ‘Hastinapur’ on Kartik Amavasya (it is known as the new moon day of the Kartik month).
To celebrate this joyous occasion of their return to Hastinapur, the state was illuminated by lighting diyas all over the place by the people. This custom is believed to have been kept alive through Diwali, as believed by many and is remembered as the homecoming of Pandavas.
This day also signifies a vital occasion for Jainism. It is said that on this day, the last of 24 Tirthankaras, Lord Mahavira attained ‘Nirvana’. The festival stands for the festivity of the emancipation spirit from other Earthly desires.
Diwali holds a peculiar importance for the Sikhs as it was on this day that the third Sikh Guru Amar Das proposed the festival of lights to be an auspicious occasion when all Sikhs would gather to receive the blessing of the Gurus.
The four day Diwali celebration is marked by different traditions but it is overall a celebration of life, enthusiasm, enjoyment and goodness. Diwali is celebrated for its spiritual significance which signifies the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, knowledge over ignorance and hope over despair.
Diwali falls on the darkest new moon night of the year. And, it is the day associated with Maa Lakshmi, the Goddess Of Wealth. So, in order to ward off all the negative energies prevailing in the night and to welcome Goddess Lakshmi in their homes, clean and decorate their homes and light up beautiful diyas. It is rightly called the ‘Festival Of Lights’ because on this day the entire nation is lit up with Diyas, Fireworks and Crackers. Moreover, this day also symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and victory of good over evil.
The festival is celebrated for a five days period. It starts with Dhanteras, followed by Choti Diwali on second day, Diwali on the third day, Govardhan Puja on the fourth day and finally Bhai Dooj on the fifth day. This time is also a major shopping time period in the country. The festival of Diwali signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. On this occasion, people clean, and decorate their homes and offices. Hanging Ashoka leaves and marigold flowers on the doors of homes and offices is also considered very auspicious on this day. The celebration of Diwali includes lighting lights and diyas (earthen lamps) outside and inside the houses. On the night of Diwali, people dress up in new clothes, perform Lakshmi Puja, burst crackers and visit relatives and friends to exchange greetings and sweets.
The Diwali celebrations are performed across India as well as it is also celebrated in some parts of the foreign nations. There are diverse beliefs, values and rituals associated with the celebration of the festival in different part of the nation.
In North India, the eve is celebrated as the homecoming of Lord Rama along with Goddess Sita and Lord Lakshman after an exile of 14 long years. In East India, the occasion takes place to worship Goddess Kali as well as to offer prayers to the forefathers and ancestors. In West India, on the festival of Diwali, people organize “Faral”, a feast for the families and friends as well as to seek blessings of Goddess Laxmi by observing Lakshmi Puja. And in South India, the festival of lights is celebrated to commemorate the win of Lord Krishna over Narakasura, a demonic King.
Diwali is the time to celebrate, enjoy and cherish an illuminating festivity and festive splendor. Crackers and fireworks were an integral part of this celebration. But, slowly as people are becoming more aware about the environmental concern, the use of crackers has reduced significantly.
Not only the environment get polluted but also the noise of crackers cause immense distress for street pets, animals, infants, young children, elderly people and asthmatic patients
So, it is the time to do something good for one and all. Instead of creating air pollution and noise pollution, encourage people to celebrate Diwali in an eco-friendly manner.
Use eco-friendly crackers which are specially made up of the recycled material or paper. These crackers do not produce that much pollution as well as the noise produced by the bursting of these eco-friendly crackers is also within the decibel limits which have been set by the Central Pollution Control Board.
You can enjoy these festivities by making Rangolis, preparing delicious treats, meeting your friends and families and even organizing a small get-together.
May The Bright Lights Of Diwali Illuminate Your Life,
With The Colors Of Prosperity, Wealth And Happiness.
Wish You And Your Family A Happy Diwali...!!
Diwali is a colorful festival which is illuminated with the vibrant colors of Rangolis. Diwali rangoli patterns are the colorful, splashing and beautiful arts which are usually made at the entrance of the homes during the Diwali festivity. It is an important ritual and is considered a significant aspect to usher in positivity at home. The splashing colors of Diwali Rangoli Patterns denotes joy, and enthusiasm.
The festival of Diwali is incomplete without some mouth watering sweets which enhances the sweetness of the occasion. Some of the traditional treats served on the eve of Diwali comprises of choddo shak, gujiya, barfi, pinni, mawa ki kachori, gajar ka halwa, legiyam, chiroti, puran poli, rasbali and anarsa.
The celebration of Diwali includes lighting lights and diyas (earthen lamps) outside and inside the houses. These lights and earthen lamps are used as a belief to help Goddess Lakshmi to find the way towards the homes, offices and businesses of the devotees. There is a tradition to leave the windows as well as the doors of the house open to seek the blessings of the deities by allowing them to enter to bless their lives and homes with happiness and prosperity.
Diwali is a significant part of various Hindu celebrations. When people dress as per the various traditions, the charm and festivity of the event doubles. Diwali is marked as an occasion of colors, illuminations and lights and so, the clothes must also reflect the same. Make sure that your choice of selection should relate to the festivity, excitement and joy of the festival. Most preferably, people u wear traditional clothes on the eve of Diwali.
Diwali is an occasion of togetherness where you meet your friends, relatives, family, colleagues and neighbours and an opportunity to show your love in form of gifts and greetings. To surprise your loved ones and make it a special occasion for them, you can present them with home decor, colored lanterns, perfumes, money plant, chocolates, artifacts, idols of Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi, notepad, silver coins and gift cards.
The auspicious festival is celebrated in order to commemorate the victory of goodness over evil. It makes us understand to let go of the past, embrace and enjoy the present. It also signifies the importance and joy of being united as on the eve of Diwali individuals from all the sections of the society join hands, come together and celebrate this occasion.
All the rituals as well as the puja for Diwali hold immense significance when they are performed at the most relevant and fortunate time of the day. You can look for the Shubh Muhurat with Choghadiya for Diwali Puja before beginning the celebration and rituals.
These are some of the details that are required before starting the Lakshmi Ganesha Puja. You can know each and everything about Diwali here. mPanchang also provides you with the list of all the Festivals , & Vrat falling in a year.
Hope this Diwali takes away all your troubles and ushers in happiness, positivity and abundance in your homes. Wish you all a Happy Diwali!