2021 Bhishma Panchak Begins
|When is Bhishma Panchak Begins in 2021|
|14 November, 2021 (Kartik)|
|Panchang for Bhishma Panchak Begins|
|Choghadiya Muhurat on Bhishma Panchak Begins|
Bhishma Panchak Vrat
Bhishma Panchaka Vrat begins on the eleventh day, i.e Kartika Suddha Ekadashi, also known as Devutthana Ekadashi, of the Shukla Paksha during the Kartik month of the Hindu calendar. The Vrat gets its name from Bhishma of the Mahabharata. The fast is observed for five days which begins on the Ekadashi Vrat by remembering Bhismadev and ends on Purnima. During the Bhishma Panchak Vrat, one should avoid eating grains for the whole month and consume just milk or water for the last five days. Bhishma Panchaka is also known as Vishnu Panchaka.
Significance of Bhishma Panchak
Bhishma Panchak is observed for the last five days of the Kartik month of the Hindu Calendar, that begins with the Ashvin Purnima or Sharad Purnima and ends with Kartika Purnima. Hari Prabodhini Ekadashi is observed as the first day of Bhishma Panchak.
Lord Shri Krishna had narrated the importance of Bhishma Panchak Vrat to Bhishma, who then observed this vrat for these five days before leaving his physical body for the heavenly abode, after the conclusion of Kurukshetra yudh in the Mahabharata.
Devotees observe fast during these five days for the attainment of Moksha and for the redemption of their sins. Believers also fast during this time for gaining good health and for the health of their children.
The greatness of Bhishma Panchak Fast is described in the Padma Purana. It is explained that this month of Kartika, is very dear to Lord Shri Hari, and bathing in the early morning during this months helps devotees attain the benefits of bathing in all pilgrimage places.
Kartika vratinam vipra yathokta karinam naram
Yama dutah palayante simham drstva yatha gajah
Srestham visnu vipra tat tulya na satam makhah
Krtva fratum urje svargyam vaikuntham kartika vrati
- Padma Purana
The rituals for the Bhishma Panchak and the offerings to be made during this vrat are mentioned in the Bhishma Panchak Katha in the Garuda Purana.
The Bhsihma Panchak is also known as mahabharat Bhishma panchak or Vishnu Panchak. The second day of the five days long Bhishma Panchak is celebrated as Tulsi Vivah, and the fifth day is celebrated as the Kartika Purnima.
Bhishma Panchak Vrat Vidhi
As mentioned in the ancient Hindu scripture, Garuda Purana, special offerings should be made to the Lord during the Bhishma Panchak.
First day, Dev Utthana Ekadashi
Offer Lotus flowers at the feet of the Lord
Second day, Tulsi Vivah
Offer Bilva leaves on the thigh of the Lord
Third day, Vishveshwara Vrat
Offer scents (gandha) at the navel of the Lord
Fourth day, Manikarnika Snan
Offer Java flowers on the shoulder of the Lord
Fifth day, Kartika Purnima
Offer Malati flowers to the head of the Lord
It is also believed that taking a bath in the Ganges or any other holy rivers every day of the five day Vishnu Panchak, and offer tarpana to the Bhishmadeva by chanting the following mantra-
“om vaiyaghra padya gotraya
samkrti pravaraya ca
arghyam dadami bhismaya
“om bhismah santanavo birah
It is believed that by following the fast and puja vidhi on these five days, one can attain the path to salvation.