Parashurama Jayanti- Story and Rituals
About Parshuram Jayanti
The sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Lord Parshuram (literal meaning, Rama with an axe) descended on earth to save it from the barbarity of the Kshatriyas. The day is celebrated as Parshuram Jayanti in most parts of the country.
When is Parshuram Jayanti?
As per the Hindu calendar, Parashurama Jayanti falls on the tritiya (third day) of shukla paksha in Vaisakh. According to the Gregorian calendar, the day occurs in April or May.
Rituals of Parshuram Jayanti
- Devotees observe a fast, beginning the night before and through the day of tritiya. Taking a holy bath before sunrise is considered auspicious.
- Before worship, devotees wear fresh and tidy puja vastra (worship clothing) and thereafter offer prayers to Lord Vishnu along with chandan (sandalwood), tulsi (holy basil) leaves, kumkum, incense sticks, flowers and sweets to the deity.
- It is believed that devotees observing a fast on this day are blessed with a male child.
- Those who observe fast refrain from consuming pulses or cereals and are only allowed to consume milk products and fruits (satvik food).
The Story of Parshuram Avatar
The Hari Vansh Purana mentions a King named Kartaveerya Arjun, who used to rule Mahishmati Nagri in Central India. Along with other Kshatriyas, he indulged in destructive acts that made life difficult for commoners. Thus, Goddess Earth invoked Lord Vishnu to save living beings from the cruelties of Kshatriyas. To help the goddess, Lord Vishnu reincarnated as the son of Renuka and Jamdagani. The son, a warrior named Parshuram defeated the king and Kshatriyas to free the Earth from their violence and brutality. Thus, peace was restored.
Legend has it that Lord Parshuram got his parshu (axe) from Lord Shiva, of whom he was an ardent devotee. It is also said that Lord Parshuram created the western part of Indian coastal land, including the states of Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra, as we know them today.
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