Hartalika Teej - Vrat, Celebrations and Rituals
Teej festival is regarded as one of the most significant and highly celebrated occasions in Hindu religion. Both married women, as well as the unmarried girls, rejoice the festival of Hartalika Teej. The festival is celebrated to offer prayers and worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It is observed on the third day of Shukla Paksha (fortnight) in Bhadrapada month as per the Hindu calendar. Women celebrate this festival to ensure marital bliss in their life.
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Why do we celebrate Hartalika Teej?
The celebration of Hartalika Teej is associated with Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
It is believed that with much devotion, dedication and penance of an enduring period of 108 births, Goddess Parvati with her prayers finally found Lord Shiva as her husband on the fortunate day of Hartalika Teej. Since that time, the day holds immense significance and is celebrated as one of the most auspicious days according to Hindu beliefs. On the eve of Hartalika Teej, women worship Goddess Parvati to seek her blessings for a happy and successful married life and pray for the wellbeing and good fortune of their husbands.
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What is the Story of Hartalika Teej?
The devotees observe Hartalika Teej on the Shukla Paksha Tritiya in the month of Bhadrapada. On the eve of Hartalika Teej, the statutes of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva are made with sand and are worshipped for happiness in married life and for healthy and happy children.
Hartalika Teej is famous for the legend associated with it. The term ‘Hartalika’ is a combination of two words ‘Harat’ and ‘Aalika’. ‘Harat’ denotes abduction and ‘Aalika’ means female friend. As per the significance associated with the Hartalika Teej, Goddess Parvati’s friend took her away and hid her in the thick forest as her father was forcing her to marry Lord Vishnu much against her wish as she wanted to marry Lord Shiva.
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What is the significance of Hartalika Teej?
The festival holds immense significance as it is believed that Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati were united on this day. According to ancient Hindu mythology, the day is regarded as highly auspicious as it is believed that the devotees who observe a fast on this day, as well as worship the deities, are bestowed with the fulfillment of all desires and a happy married life.
Hartalika Teej Vrat is also widely popular as Gowri Habba in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. It is one of the most significant festivals for getting the blessings of Goddess Gowri. Women usually observe the Swarna Gowri Vratha on the eve of Gowri Habba to seek blessings of Goddess Gowri for a successful married life.
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What are the other Teej festivals?
In the North Indian states, primarily in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, the festival of Hartalika Teej is observed with extreme fanfare and joy. There are several other Teej festivals which are also celebrated with much fun and enjoyment in the month of Bhadrapada and Sawan:
- Hariyali Teej
- Kajari Teej
- Chhoti Teej
- Akha Teej