Krishna Janmashtami 2017 Date And Day, Muhurat, Puja Time & Vidhi
Janmashtami is one of the most significant Hindu festivals celebrated in India to honor the birth of Lord Shree Krishna. Lord Krishna who is recognized as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu was born on this day. Lord Krishna is considered to be born about five thousand years ago in the city of Mathura in Dwapar Yuga. There are few other names which are devoted to Krishna Janmashtami such as Ashtami Rohini, Srikrishna Jayanti, Krishnashtami, Saatam Aatham and Gokulashtami.
WHEN IS KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI 2017?
- 14th August 2017
- Lord Krishna Birth Anniversary: 5244th
- Nishita Puja Time: 00.20 to 01.05 = 45 mins
- 15th August 2017: Dahi Handi
- Parana Time: After 17.39
- On Parana Day, Ashtami Tithi Ends: 17.39
KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI IMPORTANCE
Shree Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated on the eighth day of Krishna Paksha in the Bhadrapada month according to the Hindu Calendar. According to the Hindu Calendar, Krishna Janmashtami falls in the month of August or September in the Rohini Nakshatra. This festival is celebrated with extreme enthusiasm and vigor by the Hindu devotees not only in India but also in abroad. One more interesting view of the Janmashtami is to practice the Dahi Handi ritual. The game of Dahi Handi represents the mystical side of Lord Krishna wherein teams of young men are formed to break the handi (pot) filled with Dahi (curd) forming pyramids to break it.
KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI FAST
Millions of devotees observe a strict a fast on the day of Janmashtami. The devotees take a Sankalp (Pledge) before keeping a long day fast and open it on the following day when the Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi gets over. After performing the morning rituals on the day of Janmashtami, a Sankalpa is taken to begin the fasting process.
As per the Vedic Timekeeping, the particular time to perform the Krishna Puja is during Nishita Kala which is alleged to be the midnight. Detailed ritualistic Puja is done by the devotees following the proper Shodashopachara Puja Vidhi (which includes all the 16 steps to perform the Puja). The Krishna Puja is done by chanting the Mantras and devotees also chant ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ as the most popular mantra.
According to the old Hindu Puranas, it is thought that Shree Krishna took birth on the 8th Lunar Day (Ashtami) when the Moon entered the Rohini Nakshatra. The day was marked as Janamastmi as of one of most powerful Gods in the Hindu community took birth on the Earth. It is supposed that Lord Krishna is one of the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI FASTING PROCEDURE
Krishna Janmashtami Fast is observed by following the strict rituals by the devotees to please Lord Krishna. During the Krishna Janmashtami fast, no grains should be consumed until the fast is broken on the next day after the Sunrise. The rituals which are performed and followed during the Ekadashi Vrat are followed during the Krishna Janmashtami as well.
Parana which is a ritual followed to break the fast should be succeeded at an appropriate time. When the Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi are over for the next day, then Parana is followed after the Sunrise. In case, Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra does not get over for the following day, then the fast can be broken only if either one of them is over. So, depending upon the Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi, the fasting can be kept for a duration of two days as well. Agreeing to the Dharmasindhu, devotees can break the fast for the next day if they are not able to follow it for the complete two days.
TWO KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI DATES
According to the Sampradaya, Krishna Janmashtami falls on two successive days. The first one is for the Vaishnava Sampradaya and the other one is for Smarta Sampradaya. If the date of Janmashtami is common then both the Sampradayas follow the same date and celebrates together otherwise if the dates are not common then Vaishnava Sampradaya celebrates on the later date.
In North India, unanimity is observed and many people follows Krishna Janmashtami on the same day. This is mainly because of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, more popularly known as ISKCON. ISKCON is a society which is based on the Vaishnava principles. Most of followers of the ISKCON society are the followers of Vaishnavism.
Smarta followers who see the difference between the Vaishnava rituals and Smarta rituals do not follow the ISKCON date of Janmashtami. Preference to Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi is committed in the Vaishnava culture and they celebrate Janamashtami accordingly while the followers of Smarta culture follows Janmashtami according to the Saptami tithi. According to the Vaishnava followers, Janmashtami falls on the Ashtami and Navami tithi of the Hindu Calendar.
KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI CELEBRATION
Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated with utmost affection, love and dedication by the Hindu community all over the world. In India, Hindus observe a strict fast on this day and life story of Lord Krishna is recited as teachings which are mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita in the form of Shlokas. Temples of Lord Krishna are decorated beautifully with flowers and ornamental items. Children are adorned as Krishan Ji and Radha Ji (spiritual beloved of Lord Krishna). Scenes from Krishna’s childhood are performed depicting his life and childhood memories. At midnight, when Lord Krishna was born, devotees break their fast by performing an Aarti and feasting on delicious homemade sweets. Special meals are made at homes on this occasion which are consumed after breaking the fast.
JANMASHTAMI POPULAR PLACES
A Festival such as Janmashtami is so popular that is celebrated equally both in the Northern and the Southern areas. The celebration is done at such a huge point that preparations for the festivals start weeks in advance. The festival is celebrated in different ways in different parts of the country. In the Southern India, the celebrations are done generally in the state of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. A decorated Mantapa is set up to place the idol of Lord Krishna at both the places. Special dishes such as Bhakshanam (popular snacks and sweets in Sanskrit) are cooked and offered to Lord Krishna. Also, his favorite fruits are served to him. Dishes like Chakli, Avalakki, and Bella Da Panaka are prepared especially in some parts of Karnataka state.
Places like Gokul (Lord Krishna birth place) and Vrindavan (Lord Krishna growing place) where people run in flocks to celebrate the festival of Janmashtami at the Krishna Janam Bhoomi. Cities like Mumbai celebrate the birth of Lord Krishna by organizing dahi handi events. In these events, teams of young boys form a human pyramid to turn over the handi (pot) filled with butter and break it. In other cities like Dwarka, eastern states of Orissa and West Bengal, people hold a fast and do the Puja at midnight. So, the fact that Lord Krishna is one of the most loved God on Earth cannot be refused.
POPULAR JANMASHTAMI RECIPES
Janmashtami is one such festival wherein a huge variety of delicious food is prepared at homes to break the fast. There are some mouth watering dishes which can be made at home very easily. Such as:
Singhare ki Puri
Prepare these mouth watering dishes at your home this Janmashtami and celebrate the birth of Lord Krishna with his favourite items.