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Vastu Shastra: A complete guide to the ancient science of architecture

vastu shastra

Updated Date : Monday, 04 Mar, 2024 10:00 AM

You might have often heard about spaces compliant with Vastu Shastra while referring to buying or constructing a new house or office. If unfamiliar, the question of what is Vastu Shastra might have crossed your mind then. So, why is it necessary to consider Vastu Shastra while building spaces? Why is it so essential to make all spaces Vastu-compliant? Let us know about it all in detail.

What is Vastu Shastra?

Vastu Shastra is an ancient Indian architectural science that discloses layout, design, and spatial structures of buildings to balance them with the natural environment and cosmic energies. The word Vastu refers to habitat or dwelling, while Shastra denotes science. Thus, Vastu Shastra is said to be the science of harmonizing spaces with the elements of nature to facilitate balance, prosperity, and well-being.

History of Vastu Shastra

As per mythology, the origin of Vastu Shastra is prescribed in the holy texts, particularly in the Atharvaveda, which contains references to spatial arrangements and architectural principles. Gradually, Vastu Shastra evolved as an intricate science that managed the design and construction of buildings in a way that harmonized with natural forces and divine energies. The principles of Vastu Shastra are further mentioned in the Vishwakarma Vastu Shastra and Brihat Samhita. In these texts, one finds detailed guidelines, rules, and rituals related to Vastu Shastra, offering insights into the importance of different elements, directions, and spatial arrangements. 

Know About: Office Vastu Tips For Sitting Position

Origin of Vastu Shastra

As per Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma is given the credit for the origin of Vastu Shastra. It is said that this knowledge of Vastu Shastra was developed and refined from time to time and passed by scholars and sages for generations. Today, Vastu Shastra is admired and practiced as an ancient science that helps align energies and facilitate balance, prosperity, and well-being. As per ancient Indian beliefs, the universe consists of five elements, namely earth, water, fire, air, and space, harmonizing which is possible by Vastu Shastra.

Five Elements of Vastu Shastra

To ensure a harmonious space for living, Vastu Shastra considers balancing the five elements of vastu or Panchabhutas, namely the earth, water, fire, air, and space. These elements influence the energy flow within an environment, thus developing spaces that promote harmony, prosperity, and energy.


Direction Associated



Earth (Prithvi)


Stability, support, fertility

Governs the foundation and structure of buildings, providing grounding and security.

Water (Jal)


Purity, fluidity, abundance

Presence in ponds, wells, or water features fosters prosperity and vitality.

Fire (Agni)


Energy, transformation, illumination

Fire elements like fireplaces or stoves promote vitality, warmth, and growth.

Air (Vayu)


Movement, circulation, freshness

Proper ventilation and airflow maintain a healthy environment, removing stagnant energy.

Space (Akasha)

Center (Brahmasthan)

Openness, expansion, spirituality

Central space should be unobstructed to facilitate energy flow and spiritual well-being.

By harmonizing the five elements of Vastu Shastra, one can create living spaces that echo with the natural forces of the universe, facilitating balance and well-being for its natives.

Directions in Vastu Shastra

While constructing any building adhering to Vastu Shastra principles, the directions hold a vital role as they are the key indicators that help determine the placement of the various elements within them. Each of the directions of Vaastu Shastra is associated with specific energies and attributes. Let us understand them through the given table - 



North (Uttara)

Prosperity, Wealth, Career growth

East (Purva)

Health, Vitality, & Growth

South (Dakshina)

Stability, Strength, & Protection

West (Paschima)

Creativity, Happiness, & Fulfillment

Northeast (Ishaan)

Spiritual growth, Wisdom, & Enlightenment

Southeast (Agneya)

Prosperity, Abundance, & Success

Southwest (Nairutya)

Stability, Longevity, & Family happiness

Northwest (Vayavya)

Social connections, Travel, & Opportunities

Importance of Vastu Shastra

Several reasons sum up to the importance of Vastu Shastra -

  • When any space is built in a way that aligns divine energies and natural forces, a harmonious environment facilitative to the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of individuals gets created.
  • Construction in adherence to Vastu principles helps attract abundance and positive energies, further promoting success and financial growth.
  • Vastu-compliant buildings are considered more stable and resilient, presenting inhabitants with security and stability.
  • As per Vastu Shastra, optimizing the energy flow and assuring proper ventilation and sunlight contributes to better energy and physical health.
  • Vastu-compliant spaces support individuals in their attempts at career, education, personal growth, or other aspects of life by aligning the environment with their objectives and aspirations.

Benefits of Vastu Shastra

The benefits of following the principles of Vastu Shastra are:

  • By aligning and placing the elements properly as per Vastu principles, one can enhance the flow of positive energy and promote overall well-being.
  • Vastu-compliant spaces help improve the relationships among family members and cultivate unity and cooperation.
  • Another benefit of Vastu Shastra is that it attracts financial stability and prosperity when aligned with auspicious energies.
  • Vastu-compliant buildings furnish natural light, ventilation, and proper space utilization, yielding better health, both physical and mental.
  • Living in such a space helps reduce anxiety, stress, and conflicts, fostering emotional balance as well as peace of mind.

Know About: Vastu Tips for a Happy Married Life

Different Directions of Vaastu Shastra & Their Effects

We now have a fair idea of what is Vastu Shastra, its directions of Vastu Shastra, the importance of Vastu Shastra, and the benefits of Vastu Shastra. Now let us learn about the directions, their association, the spaces they are meant for, and other related details. 



Favored for Spaces

Other Details


Wealth, prosperity, career growth

Treasury, study, reception area

Represents Kubera - the deity of wealth. Auspicious for financial endeavors.


Health, vitality, new beginnings

Puja room, living room, meditation room

Related to the rising sun. Symbolizes vitality and positivity. Ideal for starting new ventures.


Stability, strength, security

Master bedroom, main entrance

Represents Yama - the deity of death. Provides stability & security to the occupants.


Creativity, satisfaction, happiness

Dining room, entertainment room, children's room

Associated with the setting sun, denotes completion and relaxation. Encourages creativity and family bonding.


Wisdom, spiritual growth, enlightenment

Puja room, meditation room, study

Sacred corner of the house. Represents the intersection of positive energies. Ideal for spiritual & intellectual pursuits.


Prosperity, success, abundance

Kitchen, office, business area

Associated with Agni - the deity of fire. Boosts financial growth & prosperity.


longevity, family happiness, stability

Master bedroom, family room

Represents Niruthi - the deity of protection. Supports stability & harmony in family life.


Social connections, travel, growth

Guest room, study, children's play area

Associated with Vayu - the deity of air. Favors social interactions, learning, and personal growth.

Know About: Vastu Tips For Bedroom

How does Vastu Shastra Work?

As per the definition of Vastu Shastra, it works on the principle that harmonizes the energies in an environment to build a positive and balanced space. Vastu Shastra regards various factors such as the building layout, placement of rooms, direction of doors/windows, and utilization of the natural elements. Aligning the spaces as per the directions of Vastu Shastra and its elements helps influence the energy flow as well as the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of the natives, thus leading to a fulfilling and harmonious lifestyle. 

Vastu Shastra and Astrology

While both Vastu Shastra and astrology are ancient Indian sciences dealing with cosmic influences on human life, they are also separate domains with their individual principles and practices.

The question of what Vastu Shastra is responds by indicating its focus on the design and layout of buildings, harmonizing with natural forces and cosmic energies. It highlights the orientation of structures, placement of rooms, and utilization of five elements of Vastu Shastra to create a balanced environment.

Alternatively, astrology is the study of celestial bodies and focuses on the impact of these bodies on individual personalities, circumstances, and destinies. It examines the planetary positions and stars during the birth of an individual to provide insights into their personality, character, behavior, and life events.

Many agree that Vastu Shastra and astrology complement each other in some contexts, though they function on different principles applied in distinct ways. While constructing a harmonious space, some individuals may incorporate both Vastu Shastra and astrological considerations to optimize the energies and influences around them.

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