Amavasya (Hindi: अमावस्या, Malayalam: അമാവാസി, Tamil: அமாவாசை, Telugu: అమావాస్య, Gujarati: અમાવાસ્યા), also known as No Moon Day or New Moon Day, marks an important tithi in the Hindu Calendar. Of the 30 lunar phases (or tithis) that make up a lunar month in the Hindu calendar, Amavasya is the one when no moon is visible in the sky. Amavasya occurs once a month, with 12 such no moon days falling in a year. It also marks the beginning of Shukla Paksha, or the bright fortnight, of the lunar month.
Being the darkest day of the month, Amavaysa is considered one of the most powerful and impactful times of the year. This is why many important rituals and traditions are observed on this day by devotees across India.
With it being the darkest night, most cultures consider Amavasya to be an inauspicious day. It is believed that the energies prevalent at this time can have an adverse effect on our physical and mental well being. This time of the month is devoted to prayers, offering pujas and remembering our forefathers. While some traditional workers skip work on Amavasya, beginning of any kind of auspicious work or travelling is also avoided on this day. Many devotees observe Amavasya Vrat (fast) for success, happiness and seek blessings of ancestors.
Amavasya night is also considered inauspicious as evil powers are believed to be the strongest at this time. Some even carry out black magic and ‘tantrik’ activities for a more powerful effect during this time.
According to the Hindu scripture ‘Garuda Purana’, Lord Vishnu is believed to have said that one’s ancestors visit earth on Amavasya. If their descendants don’t offer food and prayers, the forefathers might get displeased. One should pray and make offerings to seek their blessings, and also worship Lord Vishnu for fulfilment of desires.
Some festivals and occasions are also associated with Amavasya, the most important one being Diwali. Deepawali is probably the darkest night of the year when negative powers are at their strongest. But the Indian landscape lights up with diyas, lights and vibrant celebrations to ward off evil spirits and negative energies.
These Amavasya Dates are regarded as highly auspicious and religiously important:
Fasting on the day of Amavasya is said to bestow many benefits on devotees. There are specific Amavasya dates in a year when Amavasya Vrat can be observed.
Fasting on Amavasya can rid one of past sins and give them a sense of peace.
Observing Amavasya Vrat can bless one with success, prosperity, health, wealth and love.
Amavasya Pooja done in addition to the fast, can keep all evil powers at bay and fill your home with positive energy. Amavasya is a day to remember our ancestors and seek their blessings. mPanchang gives you complete and accurate information about Amavasya Dates and Timings.
You can also read about Purnima vrat dates on mPanchang.